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From: BARILOCHENSE6999  (Original message) Sent: 04/03/2015 06:47

Tommaso Temanza

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Church of Santa Maria Maddalena in Venice
the chapel Sagredo San Francesco della Vigna

Tommaso Temanza (9 March 1705 – 14 June 1789) was an Italian architect and author of the Neoclassic period. Born in Venice, he was active both in his natal city and the mainland towns of the Republic of Venice.


His family held bureaucratic posts for the city of Venice. He studied in Padua with the mathematician and professor Giovanni Poleni. He apprenticed as an architect under his uncle, Giovanni Antonio Scalfarotto. He helped train Matteo Lucchesi, the uncle of Piranesi. One of his first jobs was as a proto or chief architecture for the Magistrate of the waterways, a position also held by Lucchesi. Among his works include the Church of Santa Margherita (circa 1748) in Padua, the private chapel in Villa Camerini located in Piazzola sul Brenta, and a loggia for Ca' Zenobio in Venice. His masterpieces are however for churches in Venice, including the cylindrical church of Santa Maria Maddalena (where his remains rest), the church of San Servolo and the chapel Sagredo in San Francesco della Vigna.

He is best known for his 1778 biography of architects from Venice: Vite dei più celebri architetti e scrittori veneziani.[1] In 1762, he also wrote a biography of Andrea Palladio (Vita di Andrea Palladio).[2]


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Reply  Message 2 of 47 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 04/03/2015 06:50

Mysteries & Legends

Freemasons in Venice and the Church of Saint Mary Magdalene

Venice, an ever magic and mysterious city, was already in the 18th century the centre of an influential Freemasonry fraternity, whose members also included the famous adventurer Giacomo Casanova.


Here, the Freemasonry fraternity was so powerful and rich that they had a church built following the Freemasonry doctrines – the church of Saint Mary Magdalene in Cannaregio.


A few components of the Baffo family, affiliated to the Freemasonry in Venice, contracted the architect Tommaso Temanza, also a member of the fraternity, to build the ‘Freemasonry’ church. Temenza designed a perfectly round building with a neo classic style and a symbol of the Freemasonry etched on the architrave of the main door – an eye inscribed within a circle and a pyramid with the writing ‘SAPIENTIA EDIFICAVIT SIBI DOMUM’, a reference to the cult of the divine knowledge, which is at the base of the Freemason ideologies.


Temanza himself is buried inside the church and his headstone is decorated with a line and compasses, the most important symbol of the Freemasonry, as its members would define themselves as ‘builders’.


It is no surprise that this ‘Freemasonry’ church is dedicated to Mary Magdalene, a mysterious figure, sometimes rejected by the church, beloved instead by the Freemasonry and its members who considered her a symbol of wisdom and the struggle against the obscurantism of the church.


If the unusual places of Venice are the ones that interest you the most, contact us! We will create an unforgettable personalized tour in Venice just for you in collaboration with Francesca, the editor of this popular section.


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