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From: BARILOCHENSE6999  (Original message) Sent: 11/05/2018 17:52
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From: renzy94956 Sent: 27/09/2023 07:29

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Reply  Message 121 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 27/12/2023 02:56
Resultado de imagen para 25 de julio santiago de compostela

Arch of Constantine

 
 
 
 
 
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
Arch of Constantine
Arch of Constantine
Arch of Constantine is located in Rome
Arch of Constantine
Arch of Constantine
Shown within Augustan Rome
Map
Click on the map for a fullscreen view
Location Regio X Palatium
Coordinates 41°53′23″N 12°29′27″E
Type Triumphal arch
History
Builder Constantine I
Founded AD 315

The Arch of Constantine (ItalianArco di Costantino) is a triumphal arch in Rome dedicated to the emperor Constantine the Great. The arch was commissioned by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in AD 312. Situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill, the arch spans the Via Triumphalis, the route taken by victorious military leaders when they entered the city in a triumphal procession. [a] Dedicated in 315, it is the largest Roman triumphal arch, with overall dimensions of 21 m (69 ft) high, 25.9 m (85 ft) wide and 7.4 m (24 ft) deep.[1] It has three bays, the central one being 11.5 m (38 ft) high and 6.5 m (21 ft) wide and the laterals 7.4 m (24 ft) by 3.4 m (11 ft) each. The arch is constructed of brick-faced concrete covered in marble.

The three bay design with detached columns was first used for the Arch of Septimius Severus in the Roman Forum (which stands at the end of the triumph route) and repeated in several other arches now lost.

Though dedicated to Constantine, much of the sculptural decoration consists of reliefs and statues removed from earlier triumphal monuments dedicated to Trajan (98–117), Hadrian (117–138) and Marcus Aurelius (161–180), with the portrait heads replaced with his own.[2]

History[edit]

The arch, which was constructed between 312 and 315, was dedicated by the Senate to commemorate ten years (a decennia[b]) of Constantine's reign (306–337) and his victory over the then reigning emperor Maxentius (306–312) at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on 28 October 312,[4] as described on its attic inscription,[5] and officially opened on 25 July 315. Not only did the Roman senate give the arch for Constantine's victory, they also were celebrating decennalia: a series of games that happened every decade during the Roman Empire. On these occasions they also said many prayers and renewed both spiritual and mundane vows.[6] However, Constantine had actually entered Rome on 29 October 312, amidst great rejoicing, and the Senate then commissioned the monument.[7] Constantine then left Rome within two months and did not return until 326.[8]

The Arch of Constantine, Rome - painted by Herman van Swanevelt, 17th century

The location, between the Palatine Hill and the Caelian Hill, spanned the ancient route of Roman triumphs (Via triumphalis) at its origin, where it diverged from the Via sacra.[4][9][10] This route was that taken by the emperors when they entered the city in triumph. This route started at the Campus Martius, led through the Circus Maximus, and around the Palatine Hill; immediately after the Arch of Constantine, the procession would turn left at the Meta Sudans and march along the Via sacra to the Forum Romanum and on to the Capitoline Hill, passing through both the Arches of Titus and Septimius Severus.

During the Middle Ages, the Arch of Constantine was incorporated into one of the family strongholds of ancient Rome, as shown in the painting by Herman van Swanevelt, here. Works of restoration were first carried out in the 18th century,[11][c] the last excavations have taken place in the late 1990s, just before the Great Jubilee of 2000. The arch served as the finish line for the marathon athletic event for the 1960 Summer Olympics.


Reply  Message 122 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 27/12/2023 03:35
July 25: Arch of Constantine | FCIT

Reply  Message 123 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 07/01/2024 18:57


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From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 13/04/2024 05:50

Basílica de Vézelay

 
 
 
Basílica y colina de Vézelay
 
Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la Unesco

Vista de la basílica.
Localización
País Bandera de Francia Francia
Datos generales
Tipo Cultural
Criterios i, vi
Identificación 84
Región Europa y América del Norte
Inscripción 1979 (III sesión)
Extensión 2007
Sitio web oficial
Caminos de Santiago de Compostela en Francia
 
Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la Unesco

Mapa con los Caminos de Santiago de Compostela.
Localización
País Bandera de Francia Francia
Datos generales
Tipo Cultural
Criterios ii, iv, vi
Identificación 868
Región Europa y América del Norte
Inscripción 1998 (XXII sesión)
Sitio web oficial

La Abadía de Vézelay, actualmente conocida como Basílica de Santa María Magdalena de Vézelay (del francésBasilique Sainte-Marie-Madeleine), es un monasterio benedictino y cluniacense en Vézelay en el departamento francés de Yonne (BorgoñaFrancia). La iglesia abacial de Santa María Magdalena tiene un programa iconográfico esculpido en capiteles y pórticos y es una de las destacadas obras maestras de la escultura y arquitectura románica borgoñonas, aunque buena parte de su decoración exterior fue dañada durante la Revolución francesa. La iglesia y la colina de Vézelay fueron añadidos a la lista de Lugares Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la Unesco en el año 1979.

En el camino que conduce a Vézelay, la Cruz Montjoie simboliza la alegría del peregrino que ve, por primera vez, la basílica de Santa María Magdalena, siendo el punto desde el que por vez primera se divisa Santa Magdalena de Vézelay.

Historia[editar]

Nave central.

Construida en 1037 por Geoffroy, abad de Vézelay, que la dedicó al culto de María Magdalena, la villa se convirtió, rápidamente, en un lugar de peregrinación. La reputación de la abadía da paso a la prosperidad del pueblo contribuyendo a su desarrollo. Peregrinos como el duque de BorgoñaHugo II y su corte, en 1084; o Bernardo de Claraval (San Bernardo) que acudió, en 1146, a predicar la segunda cruzada; también Felipe Augusto y Ricardo Corazón de León visitaron la abadía en 1191 antes de partir para la tercera cruzada; o Luis IX de Francia, en 1248, convirtieron a Vézelay en una villa que atrajo a innumerables peregrinos. En el año 1096, el abad Artaud dio comienzo a una ampliación de la abadía. Se construyeron un crucero y un coro. Las obras duraron hasta el año 1104 y sólo se conserva la nave.

En julio de 1120, la víspera de santa la estructura de la abadía se incendió y se derrumbó (causando la muerte de 1127 personas). Se construyó una nueva nave, la obra se acabó en 1138. En 1185 se empezó la construcción de un nuevo coro y un crucero de estilo gótico. En 1217 se instalaron en la abadía los franciscanos. Empezó el declive de la misma al encontrarse en Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume nuevas reliquias de santa María Magdalena. En el año 1537 la abadía se secularizó y los monjes fueron sustituidos por canónigos. En el año 1790 la abadía de María Magdalena pasó a ser una simple iglesia parroquial y, posteriormente (1796), se vendió como un bien nacional.

En 1840 se encargó la restauración del edificio original, a fin de salvarlo de la ruina, a Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, tras la inspección llevada a cabo por Prosper Mérimée. La abadía había sufrido graves daños durante las actividades de saqueo llevado a cabo por los hugonotes en 1569; las esculturas del tímpano habían sido golpeadas (1793) y, en 1819, un rayo había caído sobre la torre de San Miguel destruyéndola. La restauración concluyó en 1876, se reintegraron las reliquias de Santa María Magdalena y se restableció la peregrinación que sería paralizada, nuevamente, en 1919.

En 1920 se le otorgó, a la abadía, el rango de basílica y el peregrinaje volvió a recomenzar. Finalmente, en 1979, la basílica y la colina de Vézelay fueron declaradas Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco. Fue elegida por el chelista Mstislav Rostropóvich para la grabación en video de su interpretación de las seis suites de Johann Sebastian Bach para violonchelo solo en 1991.


Reply  Message 126 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 24/05/2024 14:19
Apollo 11 Moon Landing 50th Anniversary — Little Village Toy & Book Shop

Respuesta Ocultar Mensaje Eliminar Mensaje  Mensaje 60 de 60 en el tema 
De: BARILOCHENSE6999 Enviado: 24/05/2024 11:02
July 25: Arch of Constantine | FCIT

Reply  Message 127 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 03/06/2024 14:54
 BARILOCHENSE6999 Enviado: 24/05/2024 11:22
Apollo 11 Moon Landing 50th Anniversary — Little Village Toy & Book Shop

Respuesta Ocultar Mensaje Eliminar Mensaje  Mensaje 60 de 60 en el tema 
De: BARILOCHENSE6999 Enviado: 24/05/2024 11:02
July 25: Arch of Constantine | FCIT


Reply  Message 128 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 11/06/2024 14:43
Si todos los caminos llevan a Roma...
Resultado de imagen para SANTIAGO Y JUAN EFESO Y ESPAÑA
Resultado de imagen para MARIANO URRESTI LIBROS
Famous face on Mars photo was taken by Viking 1 and other important events  in history |Oneindia News - YouTube
 

The James Webb telescope: part alien life detector, part time machine

 

In the lead-up to the launch of the James Webb telescope, we look at the scientific objectives of the most powerful space observatory ever sent into orbit.

Are we alone in the universe? What did the first galaxies formed after the Big Bang look like? How did the planets in our solar system emerge? The James Webb telescope hopes to find answers to these existential questions.

Set to launch on December 22, the James Webb is the product of the combined scientific prowess of NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) – and by extension, Université de Montréal (UdeM). The CSA contributed a scientific instrument and a guidance sensor to the massive observatory and René Doyon, Director of UdeM’s Institute for Research on Exoplanets (iREx) and a professor in the Physics Department, is the principal investigator on the Canadian scientific team.

Together, the components supplied by the CSA, NASA and the ESA form the most complex, accurate and powerful space observatory ever built, one that promises revolutionary discoveries in astronomy.

The unparalleled power of the observatory will help scientists throughout the world scrutinize the distant reaches of the universe to learn more about the composition and inhabitability of exoplanets and study the life cycle of stars.

Exploring new worlds in search of life

The James Webb Telescope is the successor to the Hubble space telescope but is more precise and efficient because of the size of its mirror, the range of light it can detect and its location.

These attributes will enable the Webb to study the planets in our solar system and other planetary systems in unprecedented detail. Moreover, the scientific instrument developed by Doyon’s team is designed to analyze many types of celestial bodies, including the atmospheric composition of distant exoplanets.

“What we’re looking for, our holy grail, are ‘biosignatures,’ that is, signs of extraterrestrial life,” explained iREx coordinator Nathalie Ouellette, an astrophysicist who does communications for the James Webb.

She hastened to add that we shouldn’t imagine these signs of life the way they are depicted in science fiction films: “We’re talking about finding signs of biological activity or the signature of certain molecules that we have identified as essential to life, such as oxygen, water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane and ozone. Based on the presence of such molecules, particularly in certain combinations, we may be able to determine that conditions are conducive to the development of life when we explore an exoplanet using the telescope.”

Casting light on the dawn of the universe

Telescopes are also time machines of a sort. “Looking into space is like looking into the past,” said Ouellette. “Light waves travel so fast that, to the naked eye, they seem to flash instantly from one point to another. In space, however, the distances are so vast that the time it takes light to travel is perceptible.”

That makes the Webb a marvellous time machine. It will be able to see back in time to 200 million years after the Big Bang, something that has never been done before. “With the Hubble, we could go to 500 million years after the Big Bang, so now we’re going 300 million years further,” noted Ouellette. “That’s remarkable, considering that the beginning of the universe was a tumultuous period. Galaxies were colliding and stars were forming at a rapid pace.”

“Tell me where you come from and I’ll tell you who you are”

The Webb will thus improve our understanding of the development of the first luminous objects (galaxies) over time. Ouellette believes the telescope will also provide insight into the creation of our own solar system.

“We still have many questions about the origins of life in our solar system. We don’t know exactly how we came to be on Earth and how the planets were formed,” Ouellette pointed out. “By studying other systems, stars and planets at various stages of development, we hope to be able to trace our own history and understand ourselves better.”

That is the ultimate goal of the James Webb: to revolutionize our understanding of the universe and, above all, to place the Earth, in all its fragility and uniqueness, in a broader context.

https://nouvelles.umontreal.ca/en/article/2021/12/09/the-james-webb-telescope-part-alien-life-detector-part-time-machine/

Reply  Message 129 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 01/07/2024 16:26
CC7559 Space Travel & Technology: Apollo 11 Mission to the Moon Timeline  Mini

Reply  Message 130 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 04/07/2024 03:07
This day in history, July 24: Apollo 11 astronauts — two of whom had been  the first men to set foot on the moon — splash down safely in the Pacific –  Chicago Tribune

Reply  Message 131 of 131 on the subject 
From: BARILOCHENSE6999 Sent: 09/07/2024 13:22
Lunar Calendar July 1945 (South Hemisphere) - Moon Phases
 
 
MONDAY JULY 16TH ALAMOGORDO
 
SUNDAY JULY  22TH=MARY MAGDALENE S DAY


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